§ 19.54 (C)
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(C) Family Relationship Exception. This aggravated felony category includes an express exception for “a first offense for which the alien has affirmatively shown that the alien committed the offense for the purpose of assisting, abetting, or aiding only the alien’s spouse, child, or parent (and no other individual) to violate a provision of this Act . . . .” There is no requirement in this section that the family relationship had to exist at the time that the offense occurred. A noncitizen who assisted someone who later became a spouse, child or parent after the offense was committed (e.g., through marriage, creation of step-relationship, or adoption) therefore comes within the family relationship exception, and the conviction would therefore fall outside this definition of an aggravated felony.
 INA § 101(a)(43)(P), 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(P).
 In contrast, the deportation waiver for alien smuggling specifically requires the family relationship to have existed at the time of smuggling. Compare INA § 237(a)(1)(E)(iii), 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(1)(E)(iii) (smuggling waiver of deportability requires that the family relationship had to exist “at the time of the offense”), with INA § 101(a)(43)(P), 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(P) (family relationship exception to document fraud aggravated felony definition does not contain this limiting language). Because Congress explicitly imposed the requirement upon the deportation waiver but not the aggravated felony exception, rules of statutory construction dictate that the requirement does not apply to the aggravated felony exception.
AGGRAVATED FELONY - CONSPIRACY - FRAUD
Matter of SIK, 24 I. & N. Dec. 324 (BIA Oct. 4, 2007) (federal conviction for violation of 18 U.S.C. 371, conspiracy, where the substantive crime that was the object of the conspiracy was an is an aggravated felony under INA 101(a)(43)(M)(i), (U), 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(43)(M)(i), (U), since the offense involved "fraud or deceit" and the potential loss to the victim(s) exceeded $10,000).
IMMIGRATION OFFENSES " FEDERAL LAW PREEMPTS STATE IDENTITY FRAUD PROSECUTIONS RELATED TO FEDERAL I-9 FORMS
State v. Reynua, State of Minnesota, Mower County District Court (Jul. 23, 2012) (File No. 50-CR-09-1811) (unpublished) (admission of an I-9 form in a state forgery prosecution was reversible error); on remand after State v. Reynua, 807 N.W.2d 473 (Minn. App. 2011), review granted, revd in part and remanded (Minn. Feb. 28, 2012) (8 U.S.C. 1324a(b)(5) means what it says -- that other than specified federal prosecutions, the I-9 form and appended documents may not be used to establish a state crime).