Criminal Defense of Immigrants
§ 12.11 A. Conviction
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CONVICTION - FEDERAL - JUVENILE AT TIME OF ARREST ENTITLED TO PROTECTIONS OF FEDERAL LAW
United States v. Juvenile Male, __ F.3d __ (9th Cir. Jan. 25, 2010) (person who was juvenile at time of arrest is entitled to protections of 18 U.S.C. 5033).
JUVENILES - ADULT CONVICTIONS
Singh v. US Attorney Gen., __ F.3d __ (11th Cir. Dec. 31, 2008) (Florida conviction, in adult court, of defendant who was a juvenile at the time the offense was committed is still a "conviction" for immigration purposes, even though the defendant could not have been tried as an adult under the Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act), following Vieira Garcia v. I.N.S., 239 F.3d 409 (1st Cir.2001); Vargas-Hernandez v. Gonzales, 497 F.3d 919, 922-23 (9th Cir.2007); Savchuck v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 119, 122 (2nd Cir. 2008).