Criminal Defense of Immigrants
§ 17.29 6. Alien Smuggling
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Any noncitizen who: “(prior to the date of entry, at the time of any entry, or within five years of the date of any entry, knowingly has encouraged, induced, assisted, abetted, or aided any other noncitizen to enter or to try to enter the United States in violation of law is deportable.”
The elements of this ground of deportation are:
(1) conduct that
(2) knowingly encouraged, induced, assisted, abetted, or aided
(3) any other noncitizen
(4) to enter or try to enter the United States
(5) in violation of law
(6) before entry, or at entry, or within five years after any entry.
Proof of the conduct or an admission of the conduct by the noncitizen is sufficient to establish this ground of deportation.
 INA § 237(a)(1)(E)(i), 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(1)(E)(i).
 Reyes v. Neely, 228 F.2d 609, 611 (5th Cir. 1956).
 Matter of Vargas-Banuelos, 13 I. & N. Dec. 810 (BIA 1971). See also Garcia-Quintero v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 1006 (9th Cir. Jul. 24, 2006) (immigration judge did not err in refusing to allow respondent’s counsel to assert Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination on his behalf upon being examined by the DHS, instead requiring respondent to assert the privilege personally in response to each question, and sustaining a finding of deportability where respondent finally answered government questions without objection from respondent’s counsel).
DEPORTABILITY " ALIEN SMUGGLING " CONVICTION FOR AIDING IMPROPER ENTRY SUFFICIENT TO ESTABLISH GROUND OF DEPORTATION
Santos-Sanchez v. Holder, 744 F.3d 391 (5th Cir. Mar. 7, 2014) (federal conviction for aiding and abetting improper entry into the U.S., in violation of 8 U.S.C. 1325(a), established deportability under INA 237(a)(1)(E)(i), 8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(1)(E)(i), and conviction documents are sufficient to establish substantial evidence to support the BIA determination of deportability).