Criminal Defense of Immigrants
§ 17.29 (F)
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(F) Effective Date. Prior to November 29, 1990, this deportation ground required that the smuggling had to be committed “for gain.” The Immigration Act of 1990, however, eliminated that requirement and left the ground in its present form.
DEPORTABILITY " ALIEN SMUGGLING " CONVICTION FOR AIDING IMPROPER ENTRY SUFFICIENT TO ESTABLISH GROUND OF DEPORTATION
Santos-Sanchez v. Holder, 744 F.3d 391 (5th Cir. Mar. 7, 2014) (federal conviction for aiding and abetting improper entry into the U.S., in violation of 8 U.S.C. 1325(a), established deportability under INA 237(a)(1)(E)(i), 8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(1)(E)(i), and conviction documents are sufficient to establish substantial evidence to support the BIA determination of deportability).